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We respond to questions from our customers

What do you understand by “ingredients”?

What does “raw protein” mean?

Raw protein means the total protein content of all ingredients. Since dogs feed mainly on small protein-containing game animals in nature (apart from the digestive tract), and on account of our belief in nature, a major part of our raw protein comes from animal protein, which constitutes the best biological quality for a dog. In our dog food, no proteins from soya, wheat glues, greaves, feathers, or the horn, difficult for the dog to digest, are added. Low- quality protein, not adapted to species, can adversely affect metabolism and the organs.

Raw fat in feed is not very appetizing!
Since the fat value is obtained from its natural form we do not add any raw fats, and the oil mixture is obtained through cold pressing.

What is raw fiber?
Raw fibers - dietary fibers vital to the body – are contained in our exquisite ingredients (see composition). In nature, dogs have a relatively high intake of fiber as they eat grass, leaves, berries there, particularly what is contained in the gastrointestinal tract. Fibers are essential for a good-functioning intestinal tract and also assist in the evacuation of the anal glands. A lack of fiber encourages putrefaction and toxic build-up in the digestive system, preventing many illnesses as a result. Fibers from clover, legume, bread and peelings are not appropriate for dogs because they can lead to problems in the digestive tract. We make no use of such substances.

Why ash mixture?
There is no ash mixture, only the ash value arises from the feed being burnt for the purpose of analysis. A residue of minerals is the result as these do not burn. The ensuing value is relatively high – an indication that our ingredients contain high levels of naturally-linked minerals. We do not add any minerals extracted from the earth (feed chalk, stone flour, etc.) because they are very difficult for a dog to digest and can also lead to the build-up of stones in their systems. Moreover, the raw ash value must be shown on all feed stuff packaging.

There are many kinds of calcium, what kind do you have in your feed?
We do not use feed chalk or calcium carbonate. Though it is cheaper to, this will affect gastric acid in dogs and other animals and hamper protein decomposition. In nature, dogs ingest large amounts of calcium found in bones and cartilage of whole small animals they eat. Due to its genesis, a dog knows calcium and that it needs a lot of it. As in nature, we use only organically-connected calcium and a major part of it comes from ground bones and cartilage, which a dog can easily absorb due to its digestive juices. Unground bones from foodstuffs for humans are not suitable for dogs as too much of them can cause serious constipation and / or damage to the intestines.

Was the artificial vitamin K3 added?
No! Meat, fish and green herbs are rich in natural vitamin K, compard with grain which has a relatively low capacity. Because our near-nature mixture has a low grain capacity, we don´t need to add artificial vitamin K. Analyses (available for everyone to inspect) have established in our favour that this feed contains a considerably high level of natural vitamin K.

Why do dogs drink more after they have eaten?
This often derives from the fact that too much feed was given to the animal at the beginning.
Example dry feed: If the dog was started on an extruder dry feed with the same amount daily and is now given the same portion of our feed, it will double its intake compared to the previous amount. This is because our feed is condensed, unlike extruder feed like popcorn which is air-inflated. (extruder feed is easily identifiable because it floats on the surface of water, whereas our feed sinks to the bottom). Thus a dog has to drink double the amount of water so it can digest the feed.
Example, moist feed: As seen in commercials regarding single canned feed, 2 cans of 800 g each totaling 1600 g are recommended on a daily basis for a dog weighing 25 kg. This contains 80% of moisture. It means that, on finishing the meal, the dog already has a water intake of 1280 grams – more than 1 liter of water. Our feed contains only 11% of moisture. Thus, it is quite normal for a dog to drink more after a change in feed stuffs. If the recommended daily feeding quantity is followed (during the first three days only half the amount), your dog will then begin to drink normally again.

My vet says too much protein is not healthy for my dog!
As game eaters dogs are protein users, as opposed to humans. For example, the digestive tract of a mouse can only hold a thimble full of plants-only carbohydrates; the rest (meat, bones, cartilage, sinews, bowels, coating etc.) are protein compounds. For a dog, this natural protein has a high digestive and biological value such that it can reduce it to its smallest elements (amino acids) which it can easily absorb and utilize. Thus dogs know a lot of good natural animal protein and that they need it for a proper functioning of their organs, more than human beings. But they can only digest and utilize low quality protein like plant protein extracts (90% protein), greaves (50% protein), powdered skimmed milk (36% protein), dry yeast (47% protein), wheat glue (70% protein) and feather flour (80% protein) with difficulty, as these are unknown to them due to their genesis. Your vet is right in warning about too much protein. That is why Markus Mühle´s near natural feed does not contain such types of ingredients (see composition). Too much protein in food, i.e low quality proteins (non-essential amino acids) can put too much strain on the organs and damage them (particularly liver, kidneys, intestines). Morever, this can weaken the heart when the blood contains too much of protein by-products (ammonia, urate, creatinine,urea,etc), as the heart will have to pump harder, in such a case.

General overview of vitamins and mineral values - What controls what?

Pro Vitamin A ( Retinol) / fat solube
Vitamins for the protection of the epithelium ( skin & mucous membranes)
Bone growth
Signs of deficiency: Dried and keratinised skin, growth disorders, conjunctivitis, clouding of the cornea, bone growth disorder, susceptibility to infections

Pro Vitamin D3 ( Cholecalciferol ) / fat soluble
Skeletal growth
(Vitamin D requirements depend on the calcium requirements and phosphorus supply)
Signs of deficiency: A deficit results in the insufficient supply of minerals to the skeleton (Hardly any)
Overdoses promote excessive calcium and phosphorus blood content, calcification of the blood vessels, diarrhoea with blood etc.

Pro Vitamin E ( Tocopherole ) / fat soluble
Movement functions
Reproductivity vitamin
Antioxidant (free radicals)
A higher amount of vitamin E is required with myocardial conditions
Signs of deficiency: Deficiencies in growth and movements as a result of damage to the skeletal and myocardial structures

Pro Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) water soluble
Signs of deficiency: Disorders of the central nervous system, cramps, circulatory problems

Pro Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) water soluble
Skin and hair
Signs of deficiency: Lack of appetite, growth deficiency, weak muscles, dermatitis, clouding of the cornea

Pro Vitamin B 6 water soluble
Signs of deficiency: (Rare)Loss of appetite, deficient growth, pronounced anaemia, circulatory problems

Pro Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) water soluble
Signs of deficiency: Low blood count, increased fat content in the liver, damage to the nervous system

Pro Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
Skeletal growth
Connective tissue
Susceptibility to infection
Antioxidant (free radicals)
Signs of deficiency: Movement disorders, changes in the skeleton as a result of the insufficient formation of collagens

Basic substance for skin epithelia
Hair and claws
Signs of deficiency: Dull-looking, dry and brittle hair, hair loss, grey spots,
keratinisation disorders, skin inflammation

Folic acid
Foetal development
Signs of deficiency: Growth disorders, anaemia, signs of deficiencies in puppies

Digestion system
Signs of deficiency: Weakness, changes in the skin and mucous membrane

Pantothenic acid
Skin and hair
Signs of deficiency: Lost of appetite, halted growth, hair loss, nervous disorders, vomiting